Rationale and BackgroundASEAN Agreement on Transboundary Haze Pollution
A Multilateral Agreement and Partner in the Global Wildland Fire Network
Rationale and Background
At the beginning of the 21st Century the application of fire in land-use systems and wildfires in forests and other vegetation in the South East Asian region are still contributing to the degradation of the environment and the atmosphere, jeopardizing the sustainability of land-use systems, and threatening human populations, especially human health. Countries members of the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) and the international community have increased their efforts to reduce the occurrence and negative impacts of fires. In conjunction with the World Conference on Land and Forest Fire Hazards (Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 10-13 June 2002) and the 9th ASEAN Ministerial Meeting on Haze (11 June 2002) it was decided that the ASEAN countries, based on their long-term efforts and agreements to cooperate in the field of fire and smoke pollution management, join the global network of Regional Wildland Fire Networks under the auspices of the United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (ISDR) and the Global Fire Monitoring Center (GFMC).
Key documents on the ASEAN Haze Action Online website
The Coordination and Support Unit of the Regional Haze Action Plan (RHAP) is based at the ASEAN Secretariat in Jakarta. The ASEAN Haze Action Online website provides a number of documents that introduce the fire problem and provide information on political activities and policies that address the fire problem.
ASEAN Agreement on Transboundary Haze Pollution
In June 2002 the ASEAN ministers for the environment signed the ASEAN Agreement on Transboundary Haze Pollution. The agreement entered into force on 25 November 2003). Indonesia has not yet ratified the agreement.
ASEAN Agreement on Transboundary Haze Pollution (PDF, 175 KB)
ASEAN Statement to the World Summit on Sustainable Development
Recommendations of the World Conference on Land and Forest Fire Hazards (June 2002) (PDF, 20 KB)
ASEAN Joining the Global Wildland Fire Network
At the Eleventh Joint Meeting of the ASEAN Working Groups on Sub-Regional Fire Fighting Arrangements (SRFAs) for Sumatra and Borneo (Singapore, 12-13 August 2002) it was decided that ASEAN will join the Global Wildland Fire Network. This decision was made following a proposal by the GFMC / ISDR Working Group on Wildland Fire Proposal to the Ministerial Meeting on Haze (11 June 2002). See: