RFMRC-SEA uses NASA FIRMS (Fire Information for Resource Management System) and LAPAN (Lembaga Penerbangan dan Antariksa Nasional) data derived from Modis Satellite and projected to Google Earth, to see hotspots in the Southeast Asia Region so that it can be analyzed by governmental agencies, NGOs, or other organizations handling forestry and or forest and land fires.
RFMRC-SEA using data NASA FIRMS (Fire Information for Resource Management System) and LAPAN (Lembaga Penerbangan dan Antariksa Nasional) derived from Modis Satellite projected to Google Earth to see the hotspot in the Southeast Asia Region so that it can be analyzed by the Governmental and Non Governmental or organizations forestry or organizations that focus on handling forest and land fire.
Sustainable Management of Peatland Forest in Southeast Asia
Overview map: http://www.aseanpeat.net/index.cfm?&menuid=62
Currently, two projects are being implemented to support the implementation of regional and national strategies for sustainable management of peatlands forests in Southeast Asia and the incorporation of peatland management into policies and plans related to forest and land-related resources to mainstream peatland forests. The two projects which complement each other and are co-funded are: Rehabilitation and Sustainable Use of Peatland Forests in Southeast Asia (known as “ASEAN Peatland Forests Project”)
Sustainable Management of Peatland Forest in Southeast Asia (known as “SEApeat Project”)
Both projects are implemented under the framework of the ASEAN Peatland Management Strategy (APMS) 2006 – 2020 which was endorsed at the Ministerial Level by the 10 ASEAN countries in November 2006. The project actions provide guidance to the ASEAN Member States for climate change funding mechanisms for the reduction of peatland deforestation and degradation to benefit local communities via climate mitigation and adaption funds, REDD mechanism, and voluntary carbon funds, through the finalisation of National Action Plans for peatland forest, it also contributes to the development of a cross-sectoral/integrated approach to reduce deforestation and combat forest degradation.
ASEAN HAZE ACTION ONLINE
HAZE Online has been coordinated by the ASEAN Secretariat to provide information related to fire and haze in the region. They also provide daily FDRS maps generated by MMS and LAPAN.
WORLD WIDE FUND FOR NATURE (WWF)
Regional Southeast Asia
WWF is working with governments, international organizations and communities to reduce the occurrence of vegetation fires by assisting local communities and land managers to obtain the knowledge, skills, and resources needed to prevent and respond to fires. Some regional activities included:
The following reports address global wildland fire issues (authored by WWF Germany, in German), Indonesia and Spain:
- WWF Global Fire Report 2007(in German) (PDF, 4.0 MB)
- WWF Global Fire Report 2012(in German) (PDF, 6.0 MB)
- WWF Global Fire Report 2016(in German) (PDF, 8.0 MB)
- Grandes Incendios Forestales: Causas y efectos de una ineficaz gestión del territorio (Junio 2006) (PDF, 6.0 MB)
- Mediterranean Fires (30 July 2004)
- Fire causes in Spain (28 July 2004)
- WWF Indonesia Fire Bulletin 2008 (30 January 2009)
- WWF Indonesia Fire Bulletin 2009(03 February 2009)
Regional and National Monitoring of Land-Use Fires and Wildfires
Fire Monitoring in East Kalimantan and adjoining Provinces
The East Kalimantan Fire Management Agency (broken the link) (follow-up of the Integrated Forest Fire Management [IFFM] project) is providing regularly updated NOAA AVHRR derived maps showing active wildfires and land-use fires burning in East Kalimantan and adjoining Indonesian provinces on Borneo island: http://www.pkhl.or.id/hsmap.htm (broken the link) (no longer updated)
Meteorological Service Singapore (http://www.weather.gov.sg/home/)
The Meteorological Service Singapore (MSS) is Singapore’s national authority on the weather and climate. It is an operations division under the National Environment Agency (NEA) . The key departments within MSS are:
Weather Services Department (WSD)
WSD provides round the clock weather forecasts, warnings, monitoring and assessment for critical sectors such as civil aviation, military, maritime, private/public agencies and the general public.
Meteorological Systems Department (MSD)
MSD provides support in key installations, meteorological equipment and computer systems, to meet MSS’s operational and technical requirements.
Risk and Resource Department (RRD)
RRD analyses risks and assesses their impact from the corporate/organisational angle.
Centre for Climate Research Singapore (CCRS)
CCRS is a leading center in tropical climate and weather research focusing on the Southeast Asia region. Find out more about its research work here.
Singapore National Environment Agency (http://www.nea.gov.sg/)
Formed on 1 July 2002, the National Environment Agency (NEA) is the leading public organisation responsible for improving and sustaining a clean and green environment in Singapore. The NEA develops and spearheads environmental initiatives and programmes through its partnership with the People, Public and Private sectors. It is committed to motivating every individual to take up environmental ownership and to care for the environment as a way of life.
By protecting Singapore’s environment from pollution, maintaining a high level of public health and providing timely meteorological information, the NEA endeavours to ensure sustainable development and a quality living environment for present and future generations.
Our key programmes that underpin our mission include:
Controls air and water pollution, and regulates hazardous substances and toxic industrial wastes through prevention, enforcement and monitoring. Develops and implements joint programmes on transboundary pollution with the neighbouring countries.
Solid waste management
Plans, develops and manages refuse disposal facilities; licenses waste collectors; regulates refuse collection for the domestic and trade premises in the nine sectors; and enforces illegal dumping. Promotes the 3Rs (reduce, reuse, recycle) to conserve resources.
Promotes energy efficiency and conservation to improve air quality, reduce greenhouse gas emissions and help mitigate climate change. The Energy Efficiency Programme Office (E2PO) integrates the overall efforts of the public, private and people sectors to improve energy efficiency.
Radiation protection & nuclear safety
Administers and enforces the Radiation Protection Act and Regulations through licensing and inspections.
Prevention and control of vector-borne diseases
Maintains an effective surveillance programme for vector borne diseases and the control of vector population. Builds up the capacities of the pest management industry and stakeholders such as the Town Councils and land agencies to create communities that are safe from vector-borne diseases. Conducts research to develop better surveillance and control methodology, increase operational efficiency and enhance the knowledge of vector-borne diseases.
Public hygiene and cleanliness
Conducts regular checks on food establishments, cooling towers, swimming pools, and public toilets to ensure that a high standard of hygiene is maintained. Promotes anti-littering practices through education and enforcement. Maintains an effective system of public cleansing to keep Singapore clean and to prevent environment-related diseases.
Management of hawker centres
Oversees the licensing, management and regulation of hawkers to maintain and promote good hygiene practices and public health standards in government hawker centres. Manages the upgrading of hawker centres.
Provides timely weather information to support public safety and socio-economic activities. Issues haze alerts and provides vital meteorological services to the aviation and maritime communities.
3P (People, Public and Private) Partnership
Builds strong networks among the 3P sectors, and develops effective outreach programmes in partnership with partners from the 3P sectors to enhance the pro-environmental mindset amongst the community and to raise community ownership of environmental and public health issues.
Actively promotes knowledge transfer and offers environmental capacity-building training programmes to enhance the competency of working professionals from the industry, international organisations and the general public, through our Singapore Environment Institute.
Fire Watch Indonesia
The Ministry of Environment and Forestry (MoEF), Indonesian Agency for Meteorological, Climatological and Geophysics (BMKG), and Indonesian National Institute of Aeronautics and Space (LAPAN) cooperate in providing the hotspot data derived from Terra/Aqua MODIS as early detection efforts.
Conservation International (CI)
In cooperation with MODIS Rapid Response System and Fire Information for Resource Management System (FIRMS) Maryland University, CI has developed an e-mail alert system for hotspot monitoring at 3 important biodiversity region, i.e. Indonesia, Madagascar, and Bolivia+Peru.
Regional South East Asia Wildland Fire Network and the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN)
The main wildland fire problems in South East Asia are related to traditional shifting cultivation, land clearing fires, especially in converting native forests and peatland biomes to plantations, and uncontrolled wildfires in rainforests, peat-swamp forests, monsoon forests and mountain pine forests. High fire activities usually occur during dry spells and droughts caused by the El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) phenomenon. The reduction of transboundary smoke-haze pollution on human health and the environment are the driving reasons for regional cooperation with the Regional Wildland Fire Network and the ASEAN Agreement on Transboundary Haze Pollution. Photos used in composite: Anja A. Hoffmann and GFMC.
- Regional SE Asia Wildland Fire Science and Management Network Coordination
- The ASEAN Agreement on Transboundary Haze Pollution
- Coordination of the ASEAN Agreement on Transboundary Haze Pollution
- Background Information
- Wildland Fire Early Warning and Monitoring
- Regional and National Wildland Fire Reports
- Institutions, Projects, and other Wildland Fire Links
- Upcoming Meetings, Conferences, Wildland Fire Training
General Regional Fire Monitoring
ASEAN Haze Action Online
The ASEAN Haze Online website provides all regional links to early warning, monitoring and situation report sources, including the media.
GFMC South East Asia Regular Fire and Weather Updates
The GFMC provides three times per week a regional update on fire early warning and monitoring, using all available resources within the ASEAN region. These updates are available also on the archive within “Current and Archived Significant Global Fire Events and Fire Season Summaries” (the archived information is available since October 1998).
Fire Information for Resource Management System (FIRMS)
About: FIRMS was developed to provide near real-time active fire locations to natural resource managers that faced challenges obtaining timely satellite-derived fire information.
The Fire Information for Resource Management System (FIRMS) distributes Near Real Time (NRT) active fire data within 3 hours of satellite overpass from both the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) and the Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS).
MODIS Active Fire Products
Collection 6 has been available since September 2015. Find out more about the most recent MODIS version. The MODIS NRT active fire products (MCD14DL) are processed using the standard MOD14/MYD14 Fire and Thermal Anomalies product. Each MODIS active fire location represents the center of a 1km pixel that is flagged by the algorithm as containing one or more fires within the pixel.
VIIRS Active Fire Products
New: The VIIRS NRT 375 m active fire products (VNP14IMGTDL_NRT) complements MODIS fire detections but the improved spatial resolution of the 375 m data provides a greater response to fires of relatively small areas.The 375 m data also has improved nighttime performance. More…
Please note, in an effort to standardize VIIRS file names, the short name for VIIRS NRT 375 m product was changed from VNP14IMGT to VNP14IMGTDL_NRT (18 April 2016).
GOFC/GOLD (Global Observations of Forest and Land Cover Dynamics) is a project of the GTOS (Global Terrestrial Observing System) program, which is sponsored by the IGOS (Integrated Global Observing Strategy). The main goal of GOFC/GOLD is to provide a forum for international information exchange, observation and data coordination, and a framework for establishing the necessary long-term monitoring systems.
The GOFC/GOLD-Fire Mapping and Monitoring Theme is aimed at refining and articulating the international observation requirements and making the best possible use of fire products from the existing and future satellite observing systems, for fire management, policy decision-making and global change research.
GOFC/GOLD is promoting a self-organized regional networks of data users, data brokers and providers, where closer linkages and collaborations are established with an emphasis on an improved understanding of user requirements and product quality. GOFC/GOLD-Fire is pursuing, in a joint effort with the CEOS (Committee on Earth Observing Satellites) WGCV (Working Group on Calibration and Validation) LPV (Land Product Validation) subgroup, the coordinated validation of fire products by standardized protocols.
GOFC/GOLD-Fire is partnering with the GFMC (Global Fire Monitoring Center) and the United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UNISDR) Wildland Fire Advisory Group / Global Wildland Fire Network.
Fire is a complex biophysical process with multiple direct and indirect effects on the atmosphere, the biosphere and the hydrosphere. Moreover, it is now widely recognized that, in some fire prone environments, fire disturbance is essential to maintain the ecosystem in a state of equilibrium.
The MODIS active fire and burned area products contain information unique to understanding the timing and spatial distribution of fires and their characteristics.
UN Office for Outer Space Affairs (UN-OOSA)
United Nations Regional Workshop on the Use of Space technology for Disaster Management for Asia and the Pacific – Bangkok, Thailand, 11-15 November 2002
- Workshop Report(English, PDF 167 KB)